I specialize in clinical health psychology with particular research interests in cardiovascular health psychology and related topics. I study how sense of meaning and purpose can be used to increase adherence to healthy behavioral lifestyles, particularly physical activity and exercise. In general, I am interested in sustained behavior change. I also study issues of religiousness/spirituality and health. You can read more about my research on my lab's website.
B.A. Cedarville University, 1980
M.A., Clinical Psychology, University of Dayton, 1982
Clinical Psychology Internship, Duke University Medical Center, 1988
Ph.D. Clinical Psychology, Brigham Young University, 1989
Dr. Masters is a clinical psychologist and a leader in the fields of health psychology and behavioral medicine. He served a term as the Editor-in-Chief of Annals of Behavioral Medicine and previous to that, was editor of Journal of Behavioral Medicine. He is a Fellow of the American Psychological Association and the Society of Behavioral Medicine. Dr. Masters is interested in studying cardiovascular processes and disease from the perspective of behavioral medicine as well as the relations between meaning/purpose, religiousness/spirituality, and health. He is also very interested in sustained lifestyle behavior change and is currently the Denver PI on the multi-site Enhancing Lifestyles for Metabolic (ELM) Syndrome randomized controlled lifestyle intervention for metabolic syndrome. He is also currently involved in research examining how meaning/purpose may increase adherence to healthy behavior regimens.He has published laboratory studies on cardiovascular reactivity to stress based on religious orientation and practices and his meta-analytic reviews on distant intercessory prayer and health outcomes have been influential.
Selected Recent Peer-Reviewed Journal Publications
Rush, C.L., Masters, K.S., Wooldridge, J.S., & Ranby, K.W. (In press). Is Grace Amazing or Old Wine in a New Bottle? Psychometric Development of the Perceptions and Experiences of Grace Scale (PEGS). Psychology of Religion and Spirituality.
Deng, L.R., Masters, K.S., Schmiege, S.J., Hess, E., & Bekelman, D.B. (In press). Two factor structures possible for the FACIT-Sp in patients with heart failure. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management.
Deng, L.R., Masters, K.S., Schmiege, S.J., Hess, E., & Bekelman, D.B. (In press). Factor structure of Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy – Spiritual Well- Being Scale in patients with heart failure depends on method used. Journal of Palliative Medicine.
Stevens, C.J., Shaffer, J.A., Edwards, K.S., Masters, K.S., Leon, K.K., Wood, M.J., & Pittman Wagers, T. (2022). Younger age impacts perceptions of the care received in the emergency department among women with spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD). Journal of Women’s Health, doi: 10.1089/jwh.2021.0162.
Rush, C.L., Hooker, S.A., Ross, K.M., Frers, A.K., Peters, J.C., & Masters, K.S. (2021). Meaning in life is mediated by self-efficacy in the prediction of physical activity. Journal of Health Psychology, 26, 753-757.
Whipple, M.O., Masters, K.S., Huebschmann, A.G., Scalzo, R.L., Reusch, J.E.B., Bergouignan, A., & Regensteiner, J.G. (2021). Acute effects of sedentary breaks on vascular health in adults at risk for type 2 diabetes: A systematic review. Vascular Medicine, 26, 448-458.
Hooker, S. A., Masters, K. S., *Ross, K. M., Jackson, K. H., & Peters, J. C. (2021). Multiple dimensions of wellness: Development and psychometric properties of the Anschutz Wellness Evaluation 360 (AWE 360). Journal of Well-being Assessment, 4(2), 95-119. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41543-020-00028-y
Masters, K.S., Shaffer, J.A., & Vagnini, K. M. (2020). The Impact of Psychological Functioning on Cardiovascular Disease. Current Atherosclerosis Reports. 22, 51 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11883-020-00877-1
Masters, K.S. Emerson, R.W. IV., & Hooker, S.A. (2020). Effects of devotional prayer and secular meditation on cardiovascular response to a faith challenge among Christians. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality. Advance online publication: https://doi.org/10.1037/rel0000369
Hooker, S.A., Masters, K.S., & Ranby, K. W. (2020). Integrating meaning in life and Self- Determination Theory to predict physical activity adoption in previously inactive exercise initiates enrolled in a randomized trial. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 49. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2020.101704
Hooker, S. A., Masters, K. S., Vagnini, K. M., & Rush, C. (2020). Engaging in personally meaningful activities is associated with meaning salience and psychological well-being. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 15(6), 821-831. https://doi.org/10.1080/17439760.2019.1651895
Yeary, K., Alcaraz, K.I., Ashing, K.T. Chiu, C., Christy, S.M., Friberg Felsted, K., Lu, Q., Lumpkins, C.Y., Masters, K.S., Newton, Jr., R.L., Park, C.L., Shen, M.J., Silfee, V.J., Yanez, B., & Yi, J. (2020). Considering religion and spirituality in precision medicine. Translational Behavioral Medicine, 10. 195-203. doi:10.1093/tbm/ibz105
Masters, K.S., Ross, K.M., Hooker, S.A., & Wooldridge, J.L. (2018). A psychometric approach to theory-based behavior change intervention development: Example from the Colorado Meaning-Activity Project. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 52, 463-473.
Hooker, S.A., & Masters, K.S. (2018). Daily meaning salience predicts daily physical activity in previously sedentary exercise initiates. Health Psychology, 37, 344-354.
Caldwell, A.E., Masters, K.S., Peters, J.C., Bryan, A.D., Grigsby, J. Hooker, S.A., Wyatt, H.R., & Hill, J.O. (2018). Harnessing centered identity transformation to reduce executive function burden for maintenance of health behavior change: The Maintain IT Model. Health Psychology Review, 12, 231-253. DOI: 10.1080/17437199.2018.1437551
Brown, C., S., Masters, K.S., & Huebschmann, A. (2018). Identifying motives of midlife black triathlete women using survey transformation to guide qualitative inquiry. Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, 33, 1-20.
Pittman Wagers, T., Stevens, C.J., Ross, K.V., Leon, K.K., & Masters, K.S. (2018). Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD): Female survivors’ experiences of stress and support. Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention.
Hooker, S.A., Masters, K.S., & Park, C.L., (2018). A meaningful life is a healthy life: A conceptual model linking meaning and meaning salience to health. Review of General Psychology, 22,11-24.
Hooker, S.A., Wooldridge, J.S., Ross, K.M. & Masters, K.S. (2018). Do monetary incentives increase fitness center utilization: It depends. American Journal of Health Promotion, 32, 606-612.
Hooker, S.A., Ross, K., Masters, K.S., Park, C. Hale, A.E., Allen, L.A., & Bekelman, D.B. (2017). Denver Spirited Heart: Mixed methods pilot study of a psychospiritual intervention for heart failure patients. Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 32, 226-235.
Park, C.L., Masters, K.S., Salsman, J.M., Wachholtz, A., Clements, A.D., Salmoirago-Blotcher, E., Trevino, K., & Wischenka, D. (2017). Advancing our Understanding of Religion and Spirituality in the Context of Behavioral Medicine. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 40, 39-51
Steffen, P.R., Masters, K.S. & Baldwin, S. (2017). What mediates the relationships between church attendance and aspects of well-being? Journal of Religion and Health, 56, 158- 170.
Hooker, S.A., Ross, K., Ranby, K.W., Masters, K.S., Peters, J.C., & Hill, J.O. (2016). Identifying Groups at Risk for 1-Year Membership Termination from a Fitness Center at Enrollment. Preventive Medicine Reports, 4, 563-568.
Hooker, S.A., & Masters, K.S. (2016). Purpose in life is associated with physical activity measured by accelerometer. Journal of Health Psychology, 21, 962-971. DOI: 10.1177/1359105314542822
Masters, K.S., Beacham, A.O., & Clement, L.R. (2015). Use of a standardized patient protocol to assess clinical competency: the University of Colorado Denver Comprehensive Clinical Competency Examination. Training and Education in Professional Psychology, 9, 170-174.
Masters, K.S. (2014). Cardiovascular reactivity to stress: A potentially important link between religion and cardiovascular health. Spiritual Care, 78-86. (German language publication).
Jordan, K., Masters, K.S., Hooker, S.A., Ruiz J.M., & Smith, T.W. (2014). An interpersonal approach to individual differences in religiousness and spirituality as influences on health and well-being. Journal of Personality, 82, 418-431.
DeBerard, M.S., & Masters, K.S. (2014). Psychosocial correlates of the Short-Form 36 Multidimensional Health Survey in university students. Psychology, 5, 941-949.
Hooker, S.A., Masters, K.S., & Carey, K.B. (2014). Multidimensional assessment of religiousness/spirituality and health behaviors in college students. The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 24, 228-240. Doi: 10.1080/10508619.2013.808870
Masters, K.S., & Hooker, S.A. (2013). Religiousness/Spirituality, cardiovascular disease and cancer: review with emphasis on cultural sensitivity and methodological innovation. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 81, 206-216.
Nash, J.M., McKay, K., Vogel, M.E., & Masters, K.S. (2012). Functional roles and foundational characteristics of psychologists in integrated primary care. Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings, 19, 93-104.
Masters, K.S. (2012). If God is in Control of My Health, What Should I Do? The Importance of Religious, Ethnic, and Social Culture: A Comment on Umezawa et al. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 44, 3-4.
Masters, K.S., & Knestel, A. (2011). Religious orientation and cardiovascular reactivity among middle aged adults: is being pro-religious really that good for you? Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 34, 449-461.
O’Dell, K., Masters, K.S., Spielmans, G.I., & Maisto, S.A. (2011) Does Type-D Personality predict outcomes among patients with cardiovascular disease? A meta-analytic review. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 71, 199-206.
Deaner, R.O., Masters, K.S., Ogles, B.M., & LaCaille, R.A. (2011). Marathon performance as a predictor of competitiveness and training in men and women. Journal of Sport Behavior, 34, 325-342.
Beacham, A.O., Kinman, C., Harris, J.G., & Masters, K.S. (2011). The patient-centered medical home: Unprecedented workforce growth potential for professional psychology. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 43, 17-23. doi:10.1037/a0025320
Masters, K.S., Spielmans, G.I., LaCaille, R.A., Goodson, J.T., Larsen, B.T., Heath, E.M., & Knestel, A. (2011). Effects of home exercise on immediate and delayed affect and mood among rural individuals at risk for type 2 diabetes. Journal of Social, Behavioral, and Health Sciences, 5, 1-16.
Masters, K.S., & Knestel, A. (2011). Religious orientation among a random sample of community dwelling adults: Relations with health status and health relevant behaviors. The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 21, 63-76.
Kapuscinski, A.N., & Masters, K.S. (2010). The current status of measures of spirituality: A critical review of scale development. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 2, 191-205. .
Hyland, M.E., Wheeler, P., Kamble S., & Masters, K.S. (2010). A sense of ‘special connection,’ self-transcendent values and a common factor for religious and non- religious spirituality. Archive for the Psychology of Religion, 32, 293-326.
Masters, K.S. (2010). The role of religion in therapy: time for psychologists to have a little faith? Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 17, 393-400.
Gillum R.F, & Masters, K.S. (2010). Religiousness and blood donation: Findings from a National Survey. Journal of Health Psychology, 15, 163-172
Health Psychology II - Graduate Course
Cardiovascular Health Psychochology - Graduate Course